Durood Shareef, also known as Salawat, is an invocation used by Muslims to send blessings upon the Prophet Muhammad. Rooted in deep respect and love for the Prophet, it holds a significant place in Muslim devotion and spirituality.
What is Durood Shareef?
“Durood Shareef” is a term used by Muslims from the South Asia region to denote the act of sending blessings upon the Prophet Muhammad. The term is derived from Arabic, “Durood” meaning “blessing” and “Shareef” indicating “noble” or “honorable”. This act is also referred to as “Salawat” in Arabic.
In Islamic tradition, Muslims are encouraged to send blessings upon the Prophet Muhammad, particularly during their daily prayers (Salah). This practice is based on the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad himself, as well as several verses in the Quran.
The common form of Durood Shareef that Muslims recite is known as “Durood-e-Ibrahim”, which is recited during Salah. It goes as follows:
“O Allah, let Your Blessings come upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as you have blessed Ibrahim and his family. Truly, You are Praiseworthy and Glorious. Allah, bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as you have blessed Ibrahim and his family. Truly, You are Praiseworthy and Glorious”.
The practice of reciting Durood Shareef is not only limited to prayers, but is also done in everyday life by many Muslims. It is believed that sending blessings upon the Prophet Muhammad brings abundant rewards and blessings from Allah.
Understanding Durood Shareef
“Durood” is a Persian word that means to pray or invoke, and “Shareef” is an Arabic term meaning noble or honorable. Combined, Durood Shareef signifies sending noble and honorable prayers upon the Prophet Muhammad.
In the Arabic language and in the Middle East, it is often referred to as “Salawat.” The act of reciting the Durood Shareef is viewed as an act of respect and reverence towards the Prophet Muhammad.
Origin and Importance of Durood Shareef
The practice of sending blessings upon the Prophet Muhammad is based on instructions in the Quran, the holy book of Islam, and the Hadith, sayings and actions of the Prophet.
In the Quran, Allah commands:
“Indeed, Allah and His angels send blessings upon the Prophet. O you who have believed, ask [Allah to confer] blessing upon him and ask [Allah to grant him] peace.” (Quran 33:56)
The Prophet Muhammad also encouraged his followers to send blessings upon him. He is reported to have said, “Whoever sends blessings upon me once, Allah will send blessings upon him ten times” (Hadith – Muslim).
Recitation of Durood Shareef
Durood Shareef is recited during the daily prayers (Salah), after the Tashahhud (testimony of faith) and before the prayer is concluded. The most commonly recited form is known as Durood-e-Ibrahim:
“O Allah, let Your Blessings come upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as you have blessed Ibrahim and his family. Truly, You are Praiseworthy and Glorious. Allah, bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as you have blessed Ibrahim and his family. Truly, You are Praiseworthy and Glorious.”
Benefits of Reciting Durood Shareef
Islamic tradition holds that there are many benefits and blessings associated with the recitation of Durood Shareef, including:
- Divine Rewards: Allah bestows ten blessings upon the one who sends a single blessing upon the Prophet Muhammad.
- Intercession of the Prophet: The Prophet Muhammad will intercede on behalf of the one who sends blessings upon him on the Day of Judgement.
- Purification of the Heart: Regular recitation purifies the heart and soul, creating a deep connection with the Prophet Muhammad and Allah.
Durood Shareef, deeply embedded within the fabric of Muslim devotion, is a profound expression of love and respect for the Prophet Muhammad. Its recitation brings peace, blessings, and a sense of spiritual connection, making it an integral part of the Islamic faith.